Faculty of Medicine
Gender disparity in editorial boards of major urology journals
Anudari Zorigtbaatar1, Anne Xuan-Lan Nguyen1, David Bouhadana1, David-Dan Nguyen1, Ashley R. Cox2, Naeem Bhojani3.
1Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; 2Department of Urology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada; 3Division of Urology, University of Montreal Hospital Center, Montreal, QC, Canada
Introduction: The lack of female representation in academic urology has been suggested to be one of the drivers of gender disparity in the field. Joining editorial boards (EBs) of academic journals was noted to have a lasting impact on career development. As such, gender disparities in editorial board composition may contribute to those observed in academic urology. This study aimed to evaluate the gender distribution in EBs of major urology journals.
Methods: We identified EB members of the five highest-impact urology journals based on their 2019 Impact Factor Score. EB member’s gender, country of practice, and academic position were collected using publicly available data. The gender was specifically determined by identifying the pronoun used in biographies. Additionally, gender was further validated using Gender-API, a gender-assigning program previously published in the literature.
Results: Female proportion of individual journals’ EBs ranged between 8.6% and 28.9 % (Table 1). In total, 307 unique current EB members were identified. Of those, 43 (14.0%) were women. Almost a third of female EB members sat on more than one EB. Both men and women had the same proportion of Associate Professors (23.3% and 23.1%, respectively). A larger proportion of men (39.5%) than women (32.6%) were Full Professors. In addition, all female members were from high-income countries and 53.5% of them were located in the United States.
Conclusion: There is a significant disparity in the number of women sitting on EB of urology journals. Female EB members are often sitting on multiple boards and are in majority from the United States. Increased efforts to recruit more female researchers to sit on EBs are necessary to align the academic practice of urology to the progress in representation made in clinical practice.
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