Research productivity and impact of Canadian academic urologists: National trends in academic metrics as it relates to gender, subspecialty, and faculty appointment
Rebecca Power1, Jason Hearn1, Stuti M Tanya1, Sanjay Sharma2, Ashley R. Cox3, Michael K. Organ4.
1Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, NL, Canada; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada; 3Department of Urology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada; 4Division of Urology, Discipline of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, NL, Canada
Introduction: There are multiple metrics of academic success and productivity. The objective of this study was to quantify research productivity of academic Canadian urologists on the basis of h-index, number of citations, and publications as they correlate with gender, subspecialty, and faculty appointment.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of academic urologists from Canadian academic institutions with a postgraduate program in urology. Academic urologists and faculty appointments were identified from university websites. Gender was determined from publicly available physician databases. H-indices, number of citations, and publications were collected from Scopus. Descriptive, univariate, and multivariate statistics were used to analyze the relationship of h-index, number of citations, and publications with faculty appointment, subspecialty, and gender.
Results: A total of 242 academic urologists were identified. The means were 16.4±16.7 for h-index, 1995±402 for number of citations, and 79±157 for number of publications per individual. The subspeciality of uro-oncology had the highest academic metrics. Full professor appointments had significantly higher h-indices (p<0.001). There were large discrepancies noted in gender; male urologists had significantly higher h-indices (p=0.006), 94.2% of urology professors were male, and the subspecialities of male fertility and transplant had no female representation in the collected database. Female reconstruction (28.0%) and pediatrics (27.8%) had the greatest female representation, as well as the the second and third highest h-indices, among all subspecialties.
Conclusions: There are large gender disparities in faculty appointment, and academic metrics in Canadian urology. This study is the first to show that subspecialities with higher female representation maintain a high level of research productivity as measured by h-index, number of citations, and publications.